Allergy Research Multi-Vi-Min without Copper was formulated by Stephen A. Levine, Ph.D. It was designed to be hypoallergenic and for people who cannot tolerate a complex nutrient formula. People who have a sensitive digestive system do well with the Multi-Vi-Min formulas. The nutrients in the complex are derived from the purest USP grade materials, which are ultimately synthesized from naturally occurring sources. For those with impaired digestion or absorption, vitamin B2 and B6 are supplied partially in their coenzyme (“activated”) forms. Allergy Research Multi-Vi-Min without Copper was formulated to exclude copper and iron. Allergy Research Multi-Vi-Min without Copper was formulated to be hypoallergenic and many people who cannot tolerate a complex nutrient formula do well with the Multi-Vi-Min formulas.Suggested use:As a dietary supplement, 1 capsule one to three times daily with meals, or as directed by a healthcare practitioner. DO NOT EXCEED 400 MICROGRAMS OF SELENIUM PER DAY FROM ALL SOURCES. Ingredients:Serving Size; 1 capsule Servings per container; 150 Amount per serving: Vitamin A (as Retinyl Palmitate); 2000 IU Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid); 30 mg Vitamin D3 (as Cholecalciferol); 100 IU Vitamin E (as DL-alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate); 80 IU Thiamin (as Thiamin Hydrochloride); 20 mg Riboflavin (as Riboflavin-5-Phosphate); 10 mg Niacin (as Niacinamide); 30 mg Vitamin B6 (as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride and Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate); 31 mg Folic Acid; 60 μg Vitamin B12; 80 μg Biotin; 80 μg Pantothenic Acid (as Calcium Pantothenate); 100 mg Calcium (as Calcium Citrate); 50 mg Magnesium (as Magnesium Citrate); 50 mg Zinc (as Zinc Citrate); 6 mg Selenium (as Sodium Selenite); 40 μg Manganese (as Manganese Citrate); 3 mg Chromium (as Amino Acid Complex); 80 μg Molybdenum (as Sodium Molybdate); 40 μg Potassium (as Potassium Chloride); 20 mg Boron (as Boron Citrate); 200 μg Vanadium (as Vanadium Pentoxide); 40 μg PABA (Para-Aminobenzoic Acid); 40 mg Glutamic Acid; 40 mg Other ingredients: Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, magnesium stearate, silicon dioxide. These nutrients are of the highest quality and purity obtainable, free of all common allergens (antigens), and do not contain preservatives, diluents, or artificial additives.