Botanicals 4 Life use a unique triple extraction process using both alcohol and cold water in order to maximise the uptake of the full spectrum of key nutrients. In the 3rd stage of extraction, the alcohol is evaporated and replaced with glycerine. Vegetable glycerine is low GI and acts as a natural preservative. Botanicals 4 Life Echinacea, Elderberry & Olive Leaf combination contains concentrated levels of powerful antioxidants including polyphenols, flavonoids, vitamins and other key nutrients for seasonal support. IngredientsVegetable Glycerine, Purified Water, Echinacea Root (Echinacea purpurea L) Extract 2:1, Olive Leaf (Olea europa L) Extract 2:1, Elderberry (Sambucus nigra L) Extract 2:1 Directions For UseAdults take 1-2 servings (1ml pipette) three times a day or as directed by your health care practitioner.We recommended adding to water or placing drops under the tongue. PrecautionsStore in a cool, dry place out of direct sunlight. Keep out of the reach of young children.